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Q. What does Breast Cancer mean?

Ans : Breast cancer means a cancerous (causing infiltration and destruction of tissue) growth that originates in breast tissue.

Q. Whom does it affect the most?

Ans : The risk of breast cancer increases with increasing age, mostly among females.

Q. How does Breast Cancer progress?

Ans : Usually an excess of estrogen stimulates the growth of the tumour.

Q. What are the causes of Breast Cancer?

Ans : The causes are

  • Positive family history.
  • Early menarche
  • Late menopause.
  • First child after thirty years of age.
  • Excessive body fat.
  • Prolonged use of oral contraceptive pills.
  • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for 10 years or more.
  • Oncogenes

Q. What are the symptoms of Breast Cancer?

Ans : The symptoms are

  • A painless lump in the breast
  • Dimpling of the skin in the area of the lump that looks like orange peel.
  • Inversion of the nipple.
  • A bloodstained nipple discharge.
  • Pain in breast.
  • In Paget's disease: patch of dry, flaky skin on the nipple. A change in the appearance or texture of the breasts.
  • Cachexia
  • General symptoms: malaise (weariness) :loss of appetite, fatigue, thirst, fever

Q. Important things one should know about Breast Cancer?

Ans : One needs to know about the complementary therapies that can help in the healing process.

  • Relaxation exercises
  • Meditation
  • Psychological counseling.
  • Family and colleagues support.

Terminal care

  • Psychological support
  • Appropriate nutrition
  • Treatment of cough, pruritis and nausea
  • Family and friend's support